Data collected by NOAA's TIROS-N polar-orbiting satellites and adjusted for time-dependent biases by NASA and the Global Hydrology and Climate Center at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, indicate that temperatures in the lower half of the troposphere (lowest 8 km of the atmosphere) over the U.S. were approximately 0.2 degrees F (0.1 degrees C) above the 1979-1998 average. This definition correlates well with "much below normal" in terms of NCDC ranking methods. This was partially due to snow falling across the Southern Plains, Gulf Coast, and the Southeast — regions which do not typically receive much December snowfall. The lowest minimum of that month was -21.3C at Altnaharra on the 2nd, followed by a day maximum temperature of only -14.0C! Summer ranked 9th wettest for the nation, with the bulk of the precipitation occurring in the West North Central and East North Central regions. A persistent storm track brought prolific summer rains to the Northern Plains and Upper Midwest. In January, its citrus crop sustained heavy damages from sub-freezing temperatures as an estimate by the U.S. Department of Agriculture totaled the crop losses to be more than $450 million. Much of the credit for this above average value can be attributed to warmth in both maximum and minimum temperatures as well as excessive wetness across parts of the contiguous U.S. More than half of the East North Central region experienced extremes in warm minimum temperatures, excessive wetness, large 1-day precipitation values and a large number of days with precipitation. NOAA works closely with the academic and science communities on climate-related research projects to increase the understanding of El Niño and improve forecasting techniques. We’ll have a look at UK temperature records, rainfall, sunshine, wind gusts The average fall temperature for the CONUS was 1.5 degrees F (0.8 degrees C) above the 20th century average, ranking 14th warmest. Arizona: -40° It's hard to imagine needing a winter coat in sunny Arizona. Flooding occurred in Nashville, Tennessee when a stagnant storm system brought more than 13.0 inches (330.0 mm) of rain to the area on May 1st-2nd. These percentages are computed based on the climate division data set. Additional areas of extreme wetness were also seen in the West North Central, Northwest and Central regions. ... whether the 2010/11 winter … Some individual SNOTEL stations in the northern Rockies had early April snow water equivalent in the driest fifth percentile of the historical record (95 percent of the years for this date were wetter). Conversely, the majority of the western U.S. experienced temperatures that were 2-4 degrees F (1.1-2.2 degrees C) below normal during the spring season. At 14 F/ -10 C it has the coldest mean annual temperature of any big city, while lows reach extremes of -63 F/ -53 C. in the winter. The pattern was evident in the high-elevation station (SNOTEL) network, especially in maps of the end-of-March snowpack and snow water content. The 18th was exceptionally cold, with Castlederg recording a daytime maximum of just -11.0C, while on the morning of the 23rd, the same weather station recorded a low of -18.3C, setting a new record for N. Ireland. The severe cold set during late November 2010 and continued to around the 8th, with winds generally from the east or northeast, between high pressure to the north and northwest and low pressure over mainland Europe to the south, ushering in unusually cold air from NE Europe and NW Russia. The South got soaked : Alabama and Georgia had their wettest winter on record, while South Carolina saw its second wettest. The strong presence of El Niño coupled with the negative AO, greatly influenced the jet streams and general weather pattern across the U.S. during the winter period. This winter ranked as the 34 th coldest winter on record and the coldest since 2009/10. Britain facing one of the coldest winters in 100 years, experts predict. For as cold as the winter was in the Central, South and Southeastern regions, the summer months were filled with record warmth, primarily seen in the warm minimum temperatures. During 2010, the most prominent and wide-spread extremes occurred during two seasons: winter and summer. In terms of the area of the contiguous U.S., 38 percent experienced temperatures that were in the bottom 10th percentile or categorized as "very cold" in December. The coldest winter on record (dec-feb) i Norway was in 1965-66, it started also with a cold November… Btw, this is not a Norwegian “problem”. This was due to a low pressure zone in the Baltics, with a high pressure over Greenland … Influenced by a weakening El Niño and a strengthening Bermuda High, "very warm" conditions prevailed in the spring and culminated in the summer months. According to Met Eireann, Ireland’s meteorological service, December has officially been the coldest … Nov 2010 now share the record with nov 1919. Overall, precipitation when averaged nationally, was about average for the fall period. During 2010, the U.S. experienced an extremely cold winter which transitioned into a record breaking warm summer. It was reported that the affected area was the combined sizes of Texas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico. Record cold temperatures and snowfalls were commonplace for many locations from Kansas City to Boston and numerous records remain today. Despite record warm temperatures during the summer period, the nationally averaged precipitation was the ninth wettest in 116 years, 1.09 inches (27.7 mm) above the LTA. The first week in February is the coldest average low, around 26 degrees, but since 2000, the coldest week has been the last week in January. For instance, the winter of 1948-1949 was the coldest climatological winter (December-February) on record for virtually every site in Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona, and Idaho. The wettest here, the warmest there as records, which date back years or centuries, are surpassed. Researchers say that one of the reasons for such a cold winter is the moving of cyclones. The basin on average experiences 11 named storms, six hurricanes, and two major hurricanes during a season. In October, the cold season returned as well as snowy conditions across the United States. The lengthy cold and snowy spell in early December started around 25th November. It's hard to imagine needing a winter coat in sunny Arizona. Regionally, both the West and Southeast had below-normal precipitation averages during the summer season. Based on divisional temperature averages, no state experienced a below-normal fall period. Coldest December on Record Concludes Year of Extremes December 30th, 2010: Temperature and precipitation extremes marked the weather of 2010 across South Florida. Michigan also had its warmest spring period. The climate of Antarctica is the coldest on Earth. During 2010, tornadoes were reported in all but four states in the Lower 48 — Delaware, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Nevada. During the 2009–2010 Cold Season, the West generally experienced much–below average snowpacks. The betting industry giants are also offering 1-2 for snow to fall in the UK this month. Seven Midwestern states were much colder than average and had a top ten cold winter season, though no state was record cold. During the first week of July, an oppressive heat wave led to soaring temperatures throughout the eastern half of the CONUS. 1857: The Cold Storms. Snow and low temperatures, December 2010 From late November to Boxing Day 2010 the UK experienced two spells of severe winter weather with very low temperatures and signiﬁcant snowfalls. In the last 10 years, twice as many daily heat records have been set as cold records. These conditions were mostly reflective of the above-average warmth during September and October, a result of the lingering Bermuda high in the Atlantic. Meanwhile, the tireless storm track over the upper Midwest resulted in much-above-normal precipitation for Minnesota and North Dakota. Coldest Winter, Too. The 2009/2010 winter season was marked by anomalously cold air in the South and East. This not only lead to record heat in a vast area of the country, but also acted as a block preventing smaller storm systems from entering into the regions. Factors contributing to the elevated 2009-2010 winter value were large footprints of cold maximum temperatures, areas of extreme wetness as denoted by the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) and an abundance of days in which precipitation fell. Temp. The average precipitaton for the period was 0.88 inch (22 mm) above normal partly due to a series of winter storms that were generated by the subtropical and polar jets. The 2010 temperature in the lower troposphere was slightly above-average. The last 24 hours was even colder, the average for novemer dropped from 3,57 to 3,9. Climate Extremes Index (CEI) measures the occurrence of several types of climate extremes, such as record or near-record warmth, dry spells or rainy periods. The lowest maximum of the month, -15.8C, was also recorded at Altnaharra, on the 22nd. We’re looking forward to a new cold and snowy winter, like we had last year. Mean temperatures that month were 5 °C below the 1971-2000 average. 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